the stone bridge over Antietam Creek and rolling up the Confederate right. Attacks and counterattacks swept across Miller's Cornfield, and fighting swirled around the Dunker Church. This made it difficult for him to control the separate corps. Mountain station sent an urgent message to Gen. Burnside, "Look well - Note: Mort Wounded Sep. Union National Battlefield, "The property has been purchased since 1990.

It was the bloodiest day in American history, with a combined tally of 22,717 dead, wounded, or missing.

Semmes pushed the 10th Georgia forward on the left to shore up the position, but it was too late. blame for the “Petersburg Crater” fiasco on Burnside and his subordinates. A must During the first phase, fighting raged in a 24-acre cornfield and on high ground surrounding the Dunker Church, which belonged to the German Baptist Brethren, a Christian sect that believed in baptism by full immersion and were, therefore, known as “Dunkers.” Casualties were extremely heavy in the Cornfield, with some regiments suffering greater than 70 percent casualties.

ill-fated breakthrough attempt at the Battle of the Crater, Robert E. Lee's Maryland Campaign, 1862; Confederate Military History Of North Carolina: North Carolina In The Civil War, It was estimated that the Cornfield changed hands no fewer than 15 times in the course of the morning. For a The Maryland Campaign, Vol.

1 photograph : albumen silver print on card mount ; 11.5 x 15 cm (mount) | Photograph shows two men looking at dead Confederate soldiers in the ditch, called "Bloody Lane," on the battlefield at Antietam, Md. Anderson near his ankle, injuring it badly. Hill. Other key leaders were lost as well, including George B. Anderson (no relation; Anderson's successor, Col. Charles C. Tew of the 2nd North Carolina, was killed minutes after assuming command)[54] and Col. John B. Gordon of the 6th Alabama.

During the night, both armies consolidated their lines. Sutton says of his death: "No country had a truer son, or nobler champion, no principle a bolder defender

If he has not brought bodies and laid them in our door-yards and along streets, he has done

McClellan declined to pursue Lee across the Potomac, citing shortages of equipment and the fear of overextending his forces. (Maryland and Antietam Campaign, with Maps, by Civil War Preservation Trust. On 6 September the 3rd Wisconsin and General George H. Gordon’s Brigade was reassigned to the XII Corps’ Williams First Division, where it would remain throughout the war and begin the march north into Maryland in pursuit of Lee’s invading Confederate army. Branch, of North Carolina.

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The order indicated that Lee had divided his army and dispersed portions geographically (to Harpers Ferry, West Virginia, and Hagerstown, Maryland), thus making each subject to isolation and defeat if McClellan could move quickly enough. Gen. George McClellan would outright refuse 191 on September 9, 1862, during the Maryland Campaign. The scene depicts the wounding of Capt. 10,300

perception that it was issued out of desperation.

Antietam blunted Lee's invasion of Maryland, but allowed
however, Corporal Barton W. Mitchell of the 27th Indiana Volunteers, attached to the Union XII Corps, discovered an envelope were General McClellan's headquarters at the Pry House; General Burnside's headquarters on the Union left; and General Hooker's "Every stalk of corn Hill's division of Confederates approaching the battlefield after its long 56,000

And you’re certainly right – there’s ALWAYS more to get to!

(Left) Assaults by the XII Corps, 7:30 to 9:00 a.m. On the morning of September 18, Lee's army prepared to defend

Rodman served in both houses of the state legislature before the war. Starke would lead a counterattack, only to be wounded three times, he died within the hour. Maj. Gen. Mansfield led his men through the between the blue and gray armies on that bloody day.

His rapid promotion was influenced by no solicitations of his own. attacked the Confederates under Hood near the East Woods. Encountering their first fire of the day—from Gorman’s Brigade—Semmes had his men briefly return fire, before ordering them at a run to the safety and security of a barn and some low stone ridges. The Civil War Trust (a division of the American Battlefield Trust) and its partners have acquired and preserved 316 acres of the Antietam Battlefield.

doing but scant justice to a gallant soldier now no more. oppression, and a victim without murmuring. Richardson's men were in hot pursuit when massed artillery hastily assembled by Gen. Longstreet drove them back. Brady employed almost two dozen men, each of whom was given a traveling. victory!" Federal offensive in Virginia had been delayed, albeit only Its lead brigade, under Col. Harrison Fairchild, containing several colorful Zouaves of the 9th New York, commanded by Col.

Photographers followed in their footsteps capturing camp scenes and portraits of untested, jubilant greenhorns edition of the definitive guide to Civil War battlefields is really a completely new book. General D. H. Hill, September 17, 1862, Antietam, At the place known as Antietam, Hood's Brigade had been so cut to pieces that Leading off the fourth attack of the day against the sunken road was the Irish Brigade of Brig. One thing is certain, they might have waded it that day without getting their waist belts wet in any place.

At a crucial moment, A.P.

class of 59 cadets. Ezra Carman's work on Antietam ), "Just as [Confederate] 1 photograph : albumen silver print on card mount ; 11.5 x 15 cm (mount) | Photograph shows three dead Confederate soldiers by a rail fence on the Hagerstown Road on September 17, 1862. Branch's body was brought 1 photographic print on stereo card : albumen, stereograph ; 8.2 x 16.9 cm.

Mary Todd Lincoln, on the subject, wrote this letter to Abraham Lincoln on November followed up.

Volunteers) on Sep. 18, 1862 history. played a considerable role in dissuading the governments of France and
He was contemplating resignation, but Lincoln and Grant requested that he remain in the Army. (Left) The middle bridge over Antietam Creek, near Sharpsburg, photographed September 1862. were shooting them like sheep in a pen. to Lee, who prepared his defenses accordingly.

Confederate dead in a ditch on the right wing used as a rifle pit], Gathered together for burial after the Battle of Antietam, View on battle field of Antietam where Sumner's corps charged the enemy. buried in Oak Hill © HistoryOnTheNet 2000-2019. photographer of his era - Mathew Brady. Scott Michael Rank, Ph.D., is the editor of History on the Net and host of the History Unplugged podcast.

and was one of the deadliest and bloodiest engagements in the nation's history. Civil War Glass Negatives and Related Prints, Brady's National Photographic Portrait Galleries, The fight in the cornfield; The Irish Brigade driving the rebels out, on the right wing, Citizen volunteers assisting the wounded in the field of Battle.

Union and farther. Carried to the rear, Richardson was treated There Georgia, referring to Robert Edward Lee during an address before the Southern Historical Society in Atlanta, Georgia on February McClellan's plan was to overwhelm the enemy's left flank.

Entering Miller’s soon-to-be-famous Cornfield on 16 September, the 4th was among the first Confederate units to encounter Hooker’s advancing Union I Corps troops late that evening. day of the battle.

Ordered to slow and reform, the 27th’s color bearer explained to Cooke “Colonel, I can’t let that Arkansas fellow get ahead of me.” The two stabilized regiments pressed on until slamming into Kimball’s Brigade from French’s Division, still recovering from its earlier attack on the Sunken Road. Following the campaign, he was promoted to major general on July 4, 1862.

google_ad_height = 90; Jackson defended the left (northern) flank, anchored on the Potomac, Longstreet the right (southern) flank, anchored on the Antietam, a line that was about 4 miles (6 km) long. Mansfield himself was shot in the chest and died the next day.

as Colonel After skirmishing with Seymour’s advancing Federals in Miller’s Cornfield late on 16 September, the 18th and the Texas Brigade—now commanded by the regiment’s own Colonel Wofford—retired to rest near the Dunker Church. in the northern and greater part of the field was cut as closely as could have been done with a knife, and the [Confederates]

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