[12] Some researchers underline the sacrificial character of this ritual and suggest that Marzanna is sacrificed in order to appease Winter. Some medieval Christian sources such as the Czech 9th century Mater Verborum compare her to the Greek goddess Hecate, associating her with sorcery. It is a common belief that mora enters the room through the keyhole, sits on the chest of the sleepers and tries to strangle them (hence moriti, "to torture", "to bother", "to strangle"). The mara or mare (mara is Old High German or Old Norse, while mare is Old Dutch) is a creature featured in Scandinavian folklore and Nordic legends associated with sleep and nightmares. Demonology is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. She appears in Sector Grus after reaching a certain part of Sector Horologium.In the Chaos path, she hires the protagonist to assault a gathering of angels and … The authors of Wyrzeczysko propose that Marzanna is sacrificed to the demons of water, whose favour was necessary to ensure a plentiful harvest in the coming year.[13].

A procession consisting of men, women and children carries handmade Marzanna (and often also Marzaniok dolls, the male counterpart to Marzanna) to the nearest river, lake or pond. The procession, still singing, returns to the village. A Russian folk metal band Arkona sings about Марена on their album entitled Lepta. In this interpretation, the copse is used to welcome spring and to affirm the re-awakening of nature. This ritual represents the end of the dark days of winter, the victory over death, and the welcoming of the spring rebirth. This page was last edited on 29 September 2020, at 15:10. German Folklorist Franz Felix Adalbert Kuhn records a Westphalian charm or prayer used to ward off mares, from Wilhelmsburg near Paderborn: In Slavic countries the terms included mora, zmoras, morava and moroi. In Belarusian, Ukrainian and in some Russian dialects the word 'mara' means dream. [2] The connection to Mars is supported by, among others, Vyacheslav Ivanov and Vladimir Toporov, who underline that he was originally an agricultural deity.

The mare is attested as early as in the Norse Ynglinga saga from the 13th century, but the belief itself is likely to be considerably older. The Icelandic word martröð has the same meaning (-tröð from the verb troða, "trample", "stamp on", related to "tread"), whereas the Swedish mardröm translates as "mare-dream". [10] Afterwards, the singing procession left the village and went to a nearby body of water – a stream, pond, lake or even a puddle. Though much less popular, some sects of worship do exist in India. A number of superstitions (also locally varied) are connected to the ritual, e.g. The tradition is usually celebrated around the spring equinox (March 21)[citation needed]. Dead mora witches were said to return as ghosts. A mare or nightmare (Proto-Germanic: *marōn; Old English: mære; Old Norse: mara; German: Nachtmahr; Dutch: nachtmerrie; Swedish: mara; Icelandic: mara; Faroese: mara; Danish: mare; Norwegian: mare/mara; Proto-Slavic *mara "ghost") is an evil spirit or goblin in Germanic folklore which rides on people's chests while they sleep, bringing on bad dreams (or "nightmares"). Drowning Marzanna in water (an element of high importance in season-related folk celebrations) is understood as the goddess' symbolic descent into the underworld, to be reborn with next winter.

: the person who last returns to the village after the ritual is sure to die in the coming year. Mater Verborum, 13th century Czech manuscript, with comments. There are of course many superstitions associated with the ceremony: you can't touch Marzanna once she's in the water, you can't look back at her, and if you fall on your way home you're in big trouble.

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