3x5 Stars and Bars First National 13 Southern States CSA Civil War flag 3'x5'
aka Stars and Bars Flag The First National Flag of the Confederate States of America, 13 Stars and Bars Flag was used during the Civil War. , The flag that Miles had favored when he was chairman of the "Committee on the Flag and Seal" eventually became the battle flag and, ultimately, the most popular flag of the Confederacy. A white rectangle, one-and-a-half times as wide as it is tall, a red vertical stripe on the far right of the rectangle, a red quadrilateral in the canton, inside the canton is a blue saltire with white outlining, with thirteen white five-pointed stars of equal size inside the saltire.
, Flag of Alabama (obverse)(January 11, 1861), Flag of South Carolina (January 26, 1861). Second national flag, (May 1, 1863 – March 4, 1865), 2:1 ratio, Second national flag, also used as the Confederate navy’s ensign, 3:2 ratio, A 12-star variant of the Stainless Banner produced in, Third national flag (after March 4, 1865), Third national flag as commonly manufactured, with a square canton, This page was last edited on 14 October 2020, at 20:30. Although less well known than the "Confederate Battle Flags",the Stars and Bars was used as the official flag of the Confederacy from March 1861 to May of 1863. Most famously, the "Bonnie Blue Flag" was used as an unofficial flag during the early months of 1861. It was flown forward aboard all Confederate warships while they were anchored in port.
The First Official Flag of the Confederacy. It is sometimes incorrectly referred to as the Stars and Bars, the name of the first national Confederate flag.
 The Columbia-based Daily South Carolinian observed that it was essentially a battle flag upon a flag of truce and might send a mixed message.
Miles' flag, however, was not well received by the rest of the Congress, one Congressman even mocked it as looking "like a pair of Suspenders". He defended his redesign as having "as little as possible of the Yankee blue", and described it as symbolizing the primary origins of the people of the Confederacy, with the saltire of the Scottish flag and the red bar from the flag of France.. " Confederate Congressman Peter W. Gray proposed the amendment that gave the flag its white field. The committee rejected the idea by a four-to-one vote, after which Beauregard proposed the idea of having two flags.  A Politico-Morning Consult poll of June 2020 shows that 44% view it as a symbol of Southern pride while 36% say it is a symbol of racism.
The first national flag, also known as the Stars and Bars (see above), served from 1861 to 1863 as the Confederate Navy's first battle ensign. Although the officially specified proportions were 1:2, many of the flags that actually ended up being produced used a 1.5:1 aspect ratio. "Stonewall" Jackson as it lay in state in the Virginia capitol, May 12, 1863. President Jefferson Davis' inauguration took place under the 1861 state flag of Alabama, and the celebratory parade was led by a unit carrying the 1861 state flag of Georgia. Many of the proposed designs paid homage to the Stars and Stripes, due to a nostalgia many of the new Confederate citizens felt towards the Union in early 1861, some of the homages were outright mimicry, whilst others were less obviously inspired by the Stars and Stripes, yet were still intended to pay homage to that flag. When the American Civil War broke out, the "Stars and Bars" caused confusion on the battlefield at the First Battle of Bull Run because of its similarity to the U.S. flag, especially when it was hanging limp, down on the flagstaff. To this end, he designed his own proposed design which featured a blue Saltier (Miles had originally planned to use a blue St. George's Cross like that of the South Carolina Sovereignty Flag he would have been familiar with, but was dissuaded from doing so) with white Fimbriation and on a field of red, within the Saltier were 7 stars, representing the then 7 states of the Confederacy, two on each of the left arms, one of each of the right arms, and one in the middle. From March of 1861, through April of 1863, during America's Civil War, the Stars and Bars was the official flag of the Confederacy.
Consequently, considerable confusion was caused on the battlefield. https://www.britannica.com/topic/Stars-and-Bars. The second national flag was later adapted as a naval ensign, using a shorter 2:3 ratio than the 1:2 ratio adopted by the Confederate Congress for the national flag. In flag of the United States of America. / Forwarded to Montgomery, Ala. Feb 12, 1861, / Adopted by the Provisional Congress March 4, 1861".
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