History Learning Site Copyright © 2000 - 2020. We are lying in the north of the city. The German invasion of France had pushed the British Expeditionary Force, with French and Belgian troops, back to the French port of Dunkirk - destruction awaited if a rescue operation was not mounted from across the Channel. The second reason is that this battle was the first major German loss during World War II. The attacking armies met up on November 23rd at Kalach with Stalingrad to the east. Stalin ordered that the city had to be saved. The Battle of Stalingrad is considered by many historians to have been the turning point in World War Two in Europe. The first reason is that the Battle of Stalingrad marked the end of Germany's advances into eastern Europe and Russia. Adolf Hitler said that "We have to hide this news from the German people" because he was afraid that it would damage the German efforts to go to war (Hitler 1942). Capturing Stalingrad would cut this waterway – the principal supply route from south to central and northern Russia. The battle at Stalingrad…. The second reason is that this battle was the first major German loss during World War II.

Germany invaded the Soviet Union in 1941. Hitler has left us in the lurch. The Germans took a great deal of the city but they failed to fully assert their authority. War historians are crediting the Battle of Stalingrad as the turning point that led to the victory of the Allies. Unable to break out, the Germans also had to face the winter. The Soviet Union inflicted a catastrophic defeat on the German Army in and around this strategically important city on the Volga river, which bore the name of the Soviet dictator, Josef Stalin. This was for two main reasons. For simple reasons of morale, the Russians could not let this city fall. His primary task was to secure the oil fields in the Caucasus and to do this, Paulus was ordered by. Meanwhile, Soviet General Georgi Zhukov built up fresh forces either side of the city, and in November launched a massive assault to surround and trap von Paulus’s army. Forbidden to break out by Hitler, the Sixth Army endured until February 1943, when its exhausted remnants surrendered. 6 Army will hold their positions to the last man and the last round and by their heroic endurance will make an unforgettable contribution towards the establishment of a defensive front and the salvation of the Western world.”. Then you will know that I shall not return.”. Battle of Stalingrad left behind one of the bloodiest pages of history.It was a battle that changed the destiny of countries that were involved in the fight.The loss of an entire German army will remain a gap that will never be filled by any subsequent action of the Wehrmacht.USSR was able to highlight its numerical superiority and encircle 290, 000 soldiers following the conclusion of Operation Uranus.

But Stalin demanded it be defended at all costs. The best thing I can do with the little finger is to shoot with it.

eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'historylearningsite_co_uk-leader-1','ezslot_21',115,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'historylearningsite_co_uk-leader-1','ezslot_22',115,'0','1'])); Hitler ordered that Paulus should fight to the last bullet, and to encourage Paulus, he promoted him to field marshal.

The little finger of my left hand is missing and – what’s even  worse – the three middle fingers of my right one are frozen.

One of the ironies of the war, is that the German Sixth Army need not have got entangled in Stanlingrad. The Battle of Stalingrad was a significant factor that supported an Allied victory during World War Two. A complete army group was lost at Stalingrad and 91,000 Germans were taken prisoner. Hitler commented: “The God of War has gone over to the other side.”. Likewise, the Russians could not let the Germans get hold of the oil fields in the Caucasus.

In September 1942, the German commander of the Sixth Army, General Paulus, assisted by the Fourth Panzer Army, advanced on the city of Stalingrad. Marshal Zhukov used six armies of one million men to surround the city. The Battle of Stalingrad is considered by many historians to have been the turning point in World War Two in Europe.
However, some historians believe that Hitler ordered the taking of Stalingrad simply because of the name of the city and Hitler’s hatred of Joseph Stalin. The 5th tank regiment led by Romanenko attacked from the north as did the 21st Army (led by Chistyakov), the 65th Army (led by Chuikov) and the 24th Army (led by Galinin). From a strategic point of view it would have been unwise to have left a major city unconquered in your rear as you advanced. Managed by Caboodle UX design studio in London, Citation: C N Trueman "The Battle of Stalingrad", The Battle of Stalingrad is considered by many historians to have been the turning point in.

The battle at Stalingrad bled the German army dry in Russia and after this defeat, the Germany Army was in full retreat. The Russians, already devastated by the power of Blitzkrieg during Operation Barbarossa, had to make a stand especially as the city was named after the Russian leader, Joseph Stalin. Individual streets were fought over using hand-to-hand combat.

Every available soldier and civilian was mobilised. When Stalingrad falls you will hear and read about it. In September 1942, the German commander of the Sixth Army, General Paulus, assisted by the Fourth Panzer Army, advanced on the city of Stalingrad. Paulus could have broken out of this trap in the first stages of Zhukov’s attack but was forbidden from doing so by Hitler. My hands are finished.”, “I was horrified when I saw the map.

On November 19th, the Russians were in a position whereby they could launch a counter-offensive.

For starters, it stopped the advancement of Germany into Russia and the rest of Eastern Europe. Battle of Stalingrad, (July 17, 1942–February 2, 1943), successful Soviet defense of the city of Stalingrad (now Volgograd), Russia, U.S.S.R., during World War II. The failure of the German Army was nothing short of a disaster.

One of the ironies of the war, is that the German Sixth Army need not have got entangled in Stanlingrad. Britain and France declared war on Germany two days later. However, by the end of January 1943, the Germans could do nothing else but surrender. Army Groups A and B were well on their way to the Caucasus in south-west Russia, when Hitler ordered an attack on Stalingrad. Soviet Advantages, Disadvantages, and Strategies, German Advantages, Disadvantages, and Strategies. In the summer of 1942, Hitler launched a major offensive into southern Russia, seeking to destroy what was left of the Soviet Army and ultimately capture the Caucasus oilfields. One of the leaders in the Soviet army, Georgi Zhukov, said that Germany had underestimated the Soviets and that the German "schemes had failed" (Zhukov n.d.).

Germany was well in its way of advancing before they were stopped in this battle.


Stalingrad was also an important target as it was Russia’s centre of communications in the south as well as being a centre for manufacturing.eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'historylearningsite_co_uk-medrectangle-4','ezslot_2',114,'0','0'])); In early September 1942, the German Army advanced to the city.

A complete army group was lost at Stalingrad and 91,000 Germans were taken prisoner. The strength of both armies for the battle was as follows: The battle for the city descended into one of the most brutal in World War Two. Also, they were loosing territory in the same direction. The Significance of the Battle of Stalingrad. The first reason is that the Battle of Stalingrad marked the end of Germany's advances into eastern Europe and Russia. Years of international tension and aggressive expansion by Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany culminated in the German invasion of Poland on 1 September 1939.

After the Germans lost in Stalingrad, they did not advance any farther into eastern Europe or Russia. The men in my unit already suspect the truth, but they aren’t so exactly informed as I am. Paulus surrendered the army in the southern sector on January 31st while General Schreck surrendered the northern group on February 2nd, 1943. This was significant because Germans were no longer expanding in at least one direction.

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